Te ture o China. Hainamana katoa te ture i te ipurangi.


China Hou o te mau Utuafare: e Rua Moni, me te Kitea Koati


Li me Hu i grad i te kura hoa a, no te tīmata ratou teiti hoki i roto i

I muri i te kura, i te rua hohoro kitea jobs, ka hokona e te whare, ka moe rāua, ka noho ki raro, i roto i te Beijing, te hanga i ratou i te hae o ratou hoa, me te whānau hoki ki te kāinga.

E rua rere i te iti, iti iho te whai i nga pa i roto i te China o te raki. Mātauranga ko to ratou tatau ki ngā nekeneke, pai utua mahi, me te ora i rite te"New Beijingers."Te tokorua taitamariki faaoti i runga i te tīmatanga e hiahia ana ratou ki te pera-ka karanga DINK ("e rua moni, kahore he tamariki") te āhua. A, no te ahau uiui ki a ratou mo toku rangahau, ka faaite i te whānui, kāore i o te tamariki, me te hohonu i te matauranga o te kawenga, me te mau fifi e haere mai ki te whakatairanga i te tamaiti. I roto i to ratou iti te utuafare, te aronganui here i waenganui i te tane me te wahine, ko te tino nui o te katoa.

Ka rite ki hoki te tamariki, ka mea ratou, e kore e ratou he mea hei akiaki ia.

Heoi, kia rite ki hohoro rite Li, me Hu i faaipoipo, te mau metua, te mau hoa, me te tahi-kaimahi rite i whiu ai i o ratou atarua te tirohanga o te metua."Te ia i te tamaiti ko te ara anake ki te hanga i to outou te whakaoti i te ora,"ko te noa te pehi."E kore te reira i te mau utuafare tae noa ki te whai koe i te tamaiti,"ētahi atu, korerotia ki a ratou."Ki te kore koe e haere ki te whai i te kuao koati, he aha noa te tiki faaipoipo i roto i te wahi tuatahi."I muri i nga tau e toru o te tamau aki ā-hoa, ko te tokorua o te whakatau wahia. Ko te tokorua peita i te frank pikitia o te o nāianei i to ratou oraraa."To tatou ora tonu me te mea tatou i te DINK te utuafare,"Li ta."I hoatu e matou i to tatou tamaiti ki to tatou mau metua ki te whakaara, i to tatou oraraa e te noho fakatefito a tawhio noa te tahi i te tahi. I matou i te koati mo to tatou metua' whakaaro Ka hounding tatou e pā ana ki te reira i te tonu. Puta ngā matou te he tetahi i hoatu e ia tatou i te tahi mau te rongo me te ata noho."Te mana o te tamaiti-te whakatipu i te ahurea i roto i te China, ko taua e te reira, kua takoha te hononga i waenganui i te tane me te wahine, ki te tuku whenua ki te tetahi i waenganui i te matua me te tamaiti. Ehara i te mea nohinohi ki te rongo o Chinese faaipoipo nei te faaipoiporaa kua mutu ki te tīariari i roto i te katoa, engari ingoa, engari ko wai e noho faaipoipo"mo te whakaaro ki o te tamaiti."Ahakoa te wā"DINK"rā i te tekau tau atu i, i te whakaaro kua puhoi ki te hopu i roto i China.

I te putanga o te DINK faaipoipo, te hunga kua pūmau te moni, me te whiriwhiri i te kore ki te whai i te tamariki, kua homai te iwi taitamariki atu ruma ki te hanga i to ratou ake kōwhiringa i roto i te faaipoiporaa i te pūnaha.

Heoi, Hainamana faaipoipo te hunga e whiriwhiri ki te noho urikore tonu te kanohi nui te pēhanga ki te haere tonu i te utuafare i te raina. I roto i te ngā ahurea Chinese, te faaipoiporaa, me te whanau ana he mahi ngātahi. Kotahi pai-mohiotia mea i Mencius, ko te tuaiho Chinese tohe, kerēme e kore te whakaputa i te tane ki te kainga o te whānau, ko te nuinga o unfilial te mea he tokorua, ka taea e te mahi i te.

I teie mahana, childbearing tonu kite i rite te tino whāinga o te faaipoiporaa.

Te pakanga i waenganui i ngā kōrero tuku iho me te ao hurihuri nei faahoho'a i te oraraa o rave rahi Hainamana whanau i muri i te kupu whakataki o te kaupapa here kotahi-tamaiti i roto i. Ka rite ki tenei whakatupuranga ka tupu koroheke nui ki te marena, me te whai i ngā tamariki o to ratou iho, i to ratou tikanga, me ngā paerewa mo te kōwhiri i te hoa, me te āhua o to ratou faaipoiporaa i te whanaungatanga, tupu piki kanorau. Tenei shift he rāua i te huringa pāpori e puta i roto i te China, i roto i te kotahi-tamaiti whakatupuranga o ngā tau, kia rite ki te motu tere haere i te insular, whakaritea pāpori-te kāwanatanga ki te globalized market economy. He tokomaha o te hunga i tipu ake i mua i te whakahou wā o te tekau tau atu i ahu tonu ki te anga te faaipoiporaa, me te fakatupú ka rite ki te takoha ki te nui pāpori mīhini, ahakoa today's youngsters kua whakaarahia ake nei i runga i te kai o te takitahi kōwhiringa, me te whakaute mō te aronganui tupuraa i waenganui i te tāne me te wahine. Ano, i te whakatupuranga o te anake tamariki riro tahi atu mau tauturu, me te tautoko i roto i o ratou hapu, ki te whaia nei e ratou to ratou i te ora mahere i roto i te wā o te kaha urbanization. Te nui riaka o te whakataetae hanga i te hoko i te whare, te kimi i te mahi, me te whiwhi faaipoipo nui atu taumaha.

Ki te kahore he tuākana ki te tohoakii te aro atu i a ratou, i te pou-' whakatupuranga ka haere mai i raro i te piki mātua pēhanga ki te whai tamariki, ahakoa i taua titauraa i staunchly i te aroaro ki te mea etahi o ratou hiahia.

Hunga whiriwhiri i te DINK āhua rave i te reira mo te whānuitanga o ngā take.

I te tahi mau tumanako ki te karo i te utu o te whakatairanga i ngā tamariki, me te whai i ō rātou ake whanaketanga whaiaro.

Ētahi atu whakapuaki i te hiahia ki te whakakeke ki ngā tamariki-te whakatipu i te ahurea, i te āwangawanga e pā ana ki te ao, a ratou tamariki, ka riro, a whakapono e te anake te wahine kia whakatau he aha ki te mahi ki o ratou tinana. Heoi, he tokomaha o enei faaipoipo te mutunga whakamau i raro i te pēhanga o ngā whakapono ranei te aki ā-hoa. He tamariki e kore tuwhera ki te whiriwhiri ai rite te pai te karanga i te reira"te tumu hua", me te kahore wawe ko te tamaiti ngote atu i reira ko te kikī atu ki te i ona kuí' whare ki kia whakaarahia. Kua tapaina tēnei āhuatanga o te mau metua te hunga e hoki ki tōna taketake, tokorua-centric i te oraraa i mua i to ratou tamaiti i whanau te"sub-DINK"āhua.

Te tumu te hua o te iti-DINKs, me te noa te pākoko o bona, DINKs, e rua aukati i te takitahi e hiahia ki te karo i hinga hapū me te whakawhānau.

Heoi, ko te sub-DINK whakatata mai ki tona huinga ake o ngā wero, me mau fifi.

Maoro i muri mai, ko te tokorua o ngā mātua ka pakeke ka mate, ka pakaru ririki o te whānau whakapumautia te hononga.

Ko te sub-DINK whakaritenga ai hoki ngā raruraru o te tamaiti hinengaro whanaketanga me te estranges te mau metua i to ratou tamaiti i te panonitanga o te manaaki. Ko te tuku iho DINK tauira emancipatory no te mea te reira tohu te roha o te takitahi whiriwhiri. I roto i te rua-kaupapa tamaiti China, te whakatau, ki te whai i ngā tamariki kia waiho te whiriwhiri i hanga e te takitahi ranei te tokorua, ki te kore e te tahi mea i whanau i roto i te capitulation ki te pēhanga. I roto i te rerekē, ko te sub-DINK āhua, ko te meapango, me te mäori whakararu i waenganui i tuku iho Hainamana utuafare tikanga, me te hou pāpori uara: e Kore ngā mātua e kore ano tamariki whai hua i fobbing atu te koati ratou tino e kore e hiahia ana ki ona kuí.

I roto i te mutunga, sub-DINK faaipoipo te taniwha te ako e taea e ratou te e whai ratou keke, me te kai i te reira, rawa.

(Pane image: Chinese putiputi tū mo te marena ngā whakaahua e tata ana ki te Bund i roto i te Shanghai, hōngongoi. Wang Chen Ono O Nga Reo).