Te ture o China. Hainamana katoa te ture i te ipurangi.


China Ko Te Mutunga Te Whakapai Ake I Te Taonga Mana Whakamarutanga


I runga i te sabati, o China Central Komiti o te Communist Party o te China, a te Kāwanatanga ki te Kaunihera tukua aratohu whānui i runga i shoring ake tika rawa nei te kupu whakaari ki te 'whakaara i te iwi te tikanga o te taonga haumarutanga, te whakanui i te pāpori, i te māia, poipoi ana i te pai, i ngā tūmanako, me te whakaara i te hiringa mo te rakahinonga me te auaha i ngā hinonga ohaoha

I te aratohu takoto i roto i te ngā mahi o te taonga mana tiaki, tae atu ki te whakapai ake i te ture te uruhi o te taonga tika (rite korerotia e te Xinhua, 'te ture i ngā tukanga kia whakawhānuitia mo te taatiraa ake, distraining, mīti, auctioning ranei te tahi atu tikanga tikanga o rawa no te hinonga takitahi ranei e whakapae ki te kia tika').

Atu āhuatanga moni o te tāone me te tuawhenua noho, me te eke i te tiaki o te mana whakairo hinengaro he hoki te kaupapa matua. Ngā taipitopito tauwhāiti i runga i te faatupuraa i te mahi i whakaritea e whakaritea e hāngai ana te kāwanatanga ki te tari i roto i te marama e haere mai ana. Hainamana umanga, me te noho roa i tukua i raro i te rawakore taonga whakamarutanga, te faaoroma'iraa i te panatanga i te mau fare o te utuafare ki te hanga ara mo te whanaketanga hou, me te anga te mura nei te whakataetae, rite mua, me te copyrights e toutou takahi. Te ako i muri i ako kua whakakitea e te kore o te taonga mana i roto i te China whakaiti i haumi me te hua, mai i te iwi e loath ki te rumakina e tupou ki ngā mahi ōhanga a, no te putanga e taea te undercut ranei i tangohia atu i te taime o te kite. Rengarenga Fang o MIT, Josh Lerner o Harvard, me te Chaopeng Wu o Xiamen University kitea e te mana whakairo hinengaro te tiaki arata'i Chinese ngā umanga ki te auaha, atu, ki te patenting reiti e haere ake ana i rite nui rite e. James Eniselā me te Yingmei Cheng o te Florida State University me te Chaopeng Wu o Xiamen University whakakitea e te i te pai uruhi o te mana whakairo hinengaro i roto i te China o tiketike-tech rängai taea ai e ngā umanga ki te whiwhi i te pūtea taurewa atu ngāwari mō te haumi i roto i te rangahau me te whanaketanga. Whenua takings, kua puta ake i runga i te tau i runga i te China, a urbanization tukanga, i tohu i te nui, kore o te rawa tūturu tika te uruhi i roto i te China. Te ako mā te Landesa i roto i te whakakitea e wha tekau ma toru o ko te, kainga ruri i raro ki te whenua takings. Kaimahi i utua, i te toharite auau o te tara, per eka te nui, ahakoa i te rohe kotahi i hokona ki arumoni ngā i te toharite o te tara, ia eka te nui. Āpiti atu ki te ōhanga hopearaa (i raro ahuwhenua me te kore-te ahuwhenua), whenua takings whai hua i roto i te iwi whānui. Mautohe whakatika i era atu, a kua riro te auau takanga i roto i te tau tata I reira i neke atu i te, i roto i te anake. Amuamu kua whakaaturia ki te whakaiti i te putanga tika Richard Jong-i Te-Pin whakakitea e he ki tetahi hua i roto i te civil whakahē i roto i te whenua maha heke te tupu i te kotahi. Protestors hoki te tūpono whiwhi i hopukina, pērā i te whānui, i korerotia i te take o te Wukan i roto i te Guangdong Province i roto i te. I muri i te marama-roa te tautohe ahakoa, i te käinga puta ki te ahoaho atu te pirihimana i roto i te, me te whiriwhiri i te mua whakahē i te rangatira rite ki te kainga rangatira. Haere tonu te mahi, heoi, noho tonu ki te whare whakarongo, ka arahina ki te pirihimana crackdown i roto i te mahuru o tenei tau, hua i roto i te tutu, a hopukia atu. Ko reira parau mau e, o mua whakamātau ki te whakapai ake i te āhua o te taonga i ngā motika kua kore kua makona angitu. Te Ture i runga i Rural Whenua Kirimana o te tau, hei tauira, i hanga ki te whakarite i te taonga mana o te tuawhenua noho na roto i te tuuraa i roto i te whenua kirimana ture, me te tika. Te ture hinga poto o te whakatakoto ake i te mārama rawa te rēhita pūnaha, me te kore me te whakatinana i te grassroots level, ka mahue i te tuawhenua whenua rangatira, kahore rawa whakamarutanga. Ētahi atu tata ture outlawing te whakamahi o te tutu i roto i evictions, me te tono i te rangatira ki te utu i te auau mākete mō taonga, whakaturia atu i roto i te, te whai ano hoki i taka ki te kia whakaūtia. Ko reira he tumanako hou enei aratohu, ka mahi pai Kua hoatu i te nui ake te aronga i runga i te whakatinana i, me te whakatairanga i te wā roa-te tūmanako o te kaha rawa rights tikanga. Arā, ko te ngā aratohu ia ite i te faufaa o te uruhi, e kī ana, 'ki te whakapakari i te protection o tika rawa, ko te taketake kaupapa here, ko te ki te titiro ki whānui whakatairanga i te tikanga o te ture. O te akoranga, te tohu i roto i te whakatinanatanga, i te tokorua tau i raro i te rārangi.